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伊犁贝母药用资源研究现状与开发前景
王海燕1,李亚娟1,董志芳1
新疆教育学院科学教育学院,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830043
摘要:
伊犁贝母的主要药用部位是鳞茎,具有清热化痰、润肺止咳的功效,野生伊犁贝母资源曾被滥采滥挖,导致其药用资源短缺,新疆多地开展了人工伊犁贝母培育工作,但仍有许多不尽人意之处。本文就伊犁贝母鳞茎中以西贝素为主要代表的生物碱的化学成分、药理活性、临床作用、栽培工艺、开发应用现状及前景等方面进行全面的综述,为伊犁贝母药用资源的进一步深入研究和开发提供有益的参考和对策。
关键词:  伊犁贝母  鳞茎  生物碱  西贝素  皂苷
DOI:10.14188/j.ajsh.2018.04.002
分类号:S567.5+3
基金项目:
The countermeasures of research status and development prospect of the medicinal resources of Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk
WANG Haiyan1,LI Yajuan1,DONG Zhifang1
College of Science Education, Xinjiang Education Institute, Urumqi 830043, Xinjiang, China
Abstract:
The medicinal part of Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk is its bulb, which has the effects of clearing heat, preventing phlegm, moistening lung and stopping coughing. In recent years, the wild resource of Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk has been digged excessively, therefore causing a shortage of the medical resources. The cultivating work of Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk has been carried out in many places in Xinjiang, but still there are lots of dissatisfactory. In this paper, the chemical components of alkaloid such as imperialine, pharmacological activity, clinical function, cultivation technology, and application are comprehensively reviewed, and the prospects are made in order to provide helpful references and countermeasures for the further research and development of the medicinal resources of Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk.
Key words:  Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk  bulb  alkaloid  imperialine  saponin