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中国红花种质资源的种类与分布
林寒1,李刚1,刘虹1,陈雁1,方莹1,覃瑞1,张丽1
中南民族大学 生命科学学院,湖北 武汉 430074
摘要:
红花(Carthamus tinctorius L.)在我国栽培历史悠久,具有重要的油用、药用、食用价值。我国的红花栽培历史和药用记载可以追溯到2 000多年前。本文详细阐述了红花在中国的引种历史、种植概况及其地理分布。目前,我国红花的商业化种植主要集中在新疆自治区、云南省和甘肃省。河南省、四川省、浙江省等地区曾有较大规模的红花种植,并分别培育出延津红花、简阳红花、淮红花等优良品种,现在这些地区的红花种植都是零星分布。本文对红花种质资源管理、引种选育中存在的问题进行了讨论,旨在为我国红花种质资源的进一步收集、保存和选育提供参考。
关键词:  红花  种质资源  育种  地理分布
DOI:10.14188/j.ajsh.2018.04.004
分类号:S324
基金项目:湖北省自然科学基金资助项目(2016CFB61 6)
Varieties and distribution of Carthamus tinctorius L. germplasm resources in China
LIN Han1,LI Gang1,LIU Hong1,CHEN Yan1,FANG Ying1,QIN Rui1,ZHANG Li1
College of Life Science, South⁃Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China
Abstract:
afflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) has a long cultivation history in China. It has important oil, medicinal, and edible value. Safflower cultivation history and medical records in China can be traced back to more than 2 000 years ago. This paper elaborately describes the introduction history, planting situation and geographical distribution of safflower in China. At present, commercial cultivation of safflower in China is mainly concentrated in Xinjiang Autonomous Region, Yunnan Province and Gansu Province. There were large?scale safflower cultivation areas in Henan Province, Sichuan Province, and Zhejiang Province, etc., and have developed several high quality varieties such as Yanjin safflower, Jianyang safflower, and Huai safflower separately. However, the safflower cultivation in these areas is now scattered. The problems in introduction, breeding, and germplasm resource management of safflower are also discussed. The purpose of this paper is to provide a reference for the further collection, preservation and breeding of safflower in China.
Key words:  Carthamus tinctorius L.  germplasm resource  breeding  geographical distribution