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西南红山茶种质资源及开发利用
李彦福1,霍达2,王进2
1.盘州市林业局,贵州 盘州 553537;2.贵州省林业科学研究院,贵州 贵阳 550011
摘要:
介绍了西南红山茶在盘州境内的分布情况,通过对84棵样树的综合测量和分析,报道了盘州西南红山茶叶、花和果实的形态学特征,以及籽油中脂肪酸组成和活性成分。结果显示,西南红山茶是西部高海拔地区的特色油茶经济物种,它不仅是很好的园林绿化树种,也是很好的木本油料树种,但目前还处于野生野长的自然状态,对其研究报道尚少,导致西南红山茶资源没有得到很好的开发和利用。本文也分析了当地西南红山茶利用中存在的问题, 为促进西南红山茶资源的合理开发利用及更好更快发展提供参考。
关键词:  西南红山茶  分布  种质资源  开发利用
DOI:10.14188/j.ajsh.2018.04.013
分类号:S685.14
基金项目:贵州省基础研究计划项目(黔科合基础[2017]1097)。
Exploration of Camellia pitardii germplasm resources
LI Yanfu1,HUO Da2,WANG Jin2
1.Panzhou Forestry Bureau, Panzhou 553537, Guizhou, China;2.Guizhou Academy of Forestry Sciences, Guiyang 550011, Guizhou, China
Abstract:
The distribution of Camellia pitardii in Panzhou, Guizhou, is introduced. Eighty?four selected individuals were comprehensively investigated and measured in the morphology of leave, flower and fruit, as well as the fatty acid composition and active compounds of the seed oil. The results suggest that C. pitardii is the characteristic economic crop in the high altitude region of the West; it is not only a good ornamental tree but also an excellent woody oil crop, yet for now C. pitardii is still in a wild state in Panzhou, therefore not well studied and fully developed.The problems in use of local C. pitardii are analyzed and suggestions are presented for rational exploration and effective protection of the germplasm resources.
Key words:  Camellia pitardii Coh. St.  distribution  germplasm resource  exploration